The Honorary Consul of the consulate of Poland, Kolkata, Mohan Goenka inaugurated a unique exhibition on polish posters from 1918-1939 from the collection of the Poster Museum of Wilanów. The exhibition names Between Art Deco and Modernism is curated by Mariusz Knorowski, chief curator of Poster Museum of Wilanów, who was also present at the do. The exhibition has on display 36 posters that will take the viewers on journey of early emergence of poster art in Polish culture and its subsequent rise as an independent art form. Since the late 19th – early 20th century, poster design has been recognized in the Polish artistic tradition as a source of national pride. The use of traditional elements by the artists and craftsmen in early posters made them more like pictures or illustrations rather than conventional graphic compositions. Mariusz said, “The bystander frequently finds it difficult to understand the phenomenon of the Polish poster. More often than not, it was formed under specific historical circumstances, during which artistic creativity was treated somewhat instrumentally to achieve current political ends. However, in contrast to other fields of art, the poster yields to the troubled rhythms of history. It is active in helping to create it; it takes over the initiative and influences the course of events, it distances itself from happenings, but it also sometimes falls victim to manipulation. The history of Poland, illustrated in posters brings a summaric knowledge of our aesthetic likings and political temperament. In the end, it presents the decorum of daily life. It reflects the awareness of the nation and its mentality, the attitude towards national tradition as well as to the common cultural heritage of mankind.” Poster design was considered a driving force of artistic progress in Poland as it brought together architecture, painting and sculpture with artistic design. Artists were not limited to the creation of unique pieces; they were also able to use mass production to present common symbols and aesthetics of the times into their work. It was precisely this ability to blend both the new and the existing that brought Polish artists to a level of international recognition for their modern stylization and interpretation of folklore at the Paris exposition of Decorative Art in 1925.
Source: Times of India