Physical illness and depression are the biggest reasons behind suicides in the city, though there are also some other personal reasons like physical abuse, love affairs, drug abuse and unwanted pregnancy, according to the National Crime Records Bureau data for 2018, released recently.
Total number of suicides in the city took a 25% dip from 216 persons in 2017 to 162 persons in 2018, though the state took a reverse path in this regard.
In 2017, 12,014 people committed suicide across the state while the number took nearly 10.3% jump with 13,255 suicides in 2018.
According to the NCRB sources, failure in examinations led six young women to commit suicide in 2018 when total 779 students ended their lives across the state.
The number of girls committing suicide is more than boys in the state. As per the data, 436 girls and 343 boys were among the suicide victims, mostly students.
Of 914 young professionals who committed suicide in the state, 223 were women. Fifty-four of them were from Kolkata.
Physical illness drove 76 persons in the city to end their lives and 67 of them were men, including eight cancer and three paralysis patients. Of 63 mentally challenged suicide victims, 54 were men. Futile love affairs led to 11 suicides while illicit affair, unwanted pregnancy and physical abuse on women prompted 14 persons to take the extreme step of killing themselves in the city.
According to Lalbazar sources, an analysis of suicides committed in 2018 and 2019 has revealed that the victims are of two age groups like 20-29 years and 30-45 years. Maximum cases have been reported from the added areas where the pressure on young people to get jobs is more because of their economic conditions, said a detective department officer who had carried out the analysis with psychiatrists in last month.
“According to studies, 90% of the suicide cases are related to depression. In majority of the suicide cases, the victims are aged between 19 and 29 years. Depression is a silent killer. We need to talk about depression and other mental illness more often, so that the stigma attached with the ailment can be driven away. Those suffering from the illness can seek professional help before it is too late,” Pradeep Saha, director Institute of Psychiatry (IOP) at IPGMER, SSKM Hospital, told TOI a couple of days ago.
“When people are aged between 30 and 45 years, they start to re-evaluate themselves on their achievements and the aspirations they have not been able to meet. The key factor in a suicide case is the feeling of helplessness. When one feels that he or she has not achieved enough and the prospects are not good, this can make them feel helpless, forcing them to take a drastic step like suicide,” said psychiatrist, J R Ram.
Source: Times of India