A one a half-year-old boy born with a rare and complex congenital heart disease underwent a correctional surgery at Medica Superspecialty Hospital. The child is now back home after crossing the challenging post-operative phase and his parents are looking forward to a normal life for the boy.
The child from Habra in North 24 Parganas was born with Truncus Arteriosus, a condition in which the aorta and the pulmonary artery have a common origin. The blood supply to the whole body as well as the lungs originates from a common area called the Truncus. This defect causes very high pressure in the lungs and severe problem in blood circulation. If left untreated it can cause early mortality for the child.
During the correctional surgery doctors at Medica separated the upper portion of the pulmonary artery from the single large vessel. Then they repaired the native aorta and implanted an artificial conduit made from bovine jugular veins to construct a new pulmonary artery that supplies blood to the lungs.
Even as the surgery was successful intensivsists had a challenging task post the operation as the child was prone to developing pulmonary hypertension. But once the boy sailed through the crucial 72 hours doctors knew that they would be able to send the child home.
“Truncus arteriosus is both a challenge for surgeons and anaesthesiologists. We adopted Treat-Repair-Treat method to minimise the pressures in the lungs and achieve a favourable outcome in the post-operative period.” Dr Arpan Chakraborty, ECMO specialist.
While the procedure was conducted by paediatric cardiac surgeon Dr Mrinal Bandhu Das a team comprising doctors Anil Singhi paediatric cardiologist, Dr Arpan Chakraborty and Dipanjan Chatterjee paediatric intensivist and anaesthesia played their role equally. The boy was discharged from Hospital seven days post the surgery and is doing fine.